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What is Full-Stack?

To the non-technically inclined, “Full Stack” may sound like someone’s description of a large pile of pancakes. Although the term sounds like a delicious breakfast idea, the reality is a little less tasty. Full Stack is a term used to describe developers, though sometimes it’s used in the context of engineers.


There are three parts to this kind of development. There’s the Front End, which covers the parts of a website/application that users interact with, and the Back End, which includes the parts of an app that no one sees, but essentially run things. Back end details include user validation, server configuration, logical processes, and database-related processes.

Finally, there’s Full Stack, which covers both the front and back end of an app or website.

Front-end development:

Front-end development consists of the entire user-facing parts of software development. It is the responsibility of the Front-end developers to implement visual elements like how the software or an app will look, interact and operate with the user.

Back-end development:

Back-end development is responsible for making a program function well. The developers who work at back-end spend a lot of time creating and working with databases. To develop a user-driven software, you need both.

Full stack developer is the one who is pro in both the technical domains. Also, they understand every aspect of development including front-end, back-end, database queries and various operating systems.

Such high-skilled developers are recognized as “developer generalists” as they can develop any complex application from scratch and understand how each technical layer interacts with the other.

To become an expert in full stack development, a developer should have knowledge of the following technical skills:

1. Programming languagesA skillful full-stack developer must be proficient in multiple programming languages like JAVA, C#, Ruby and PHP. It is crucial to be a master in the language syntax and be familiar with how to design, structure, test and implement the programming codes.

2. Development frameworks and third-party librariesDevelopment languages are generally accompanied by a good development framework like Node.Js, Express.JS, Hibernate, Python Django, Java Spring, MyBatis and PHP Thinkphp. Therefore, it is good for the full stack developers to understand the development frameworks and third-party libraries.

3. Front-end technologyFor the development of a product, front-end technologies are necessities. The full-stack developer needs to have some basic knowledge of front-end technologies such as HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript and should study the frameworks such as JQuery, LESS, SASS, AngularJS, or REACT.

4. Database and cacheEvery software product needs a database to store the data. A full stack development expert should understand the concepts of the databases and know how to interact with it seamlessly. MongoDB, MySQL, Redis, Oracle are some popular databases that are being used by the developers to develop the backend for dynamic applications.

5. Basic design abilityWhen it comes to basic design utility, it is crucial for full stack developers to understand the basic principles and skills of prototype design, UX and UI design.

Apart from the technical skills, a full stack developer should also have a grasp on the following innovation skills:

  • Global thinking
  • Good communication skills
  • Creativity
  • Curiosity
  • Time management skills

Backend Architecture

  1. Microservices: It allows the business functionality to be split up into independent services. The microservice architecture can help businesses automate in-house processes in a short period. It is the perfect option for every size of companies who wish to automate their business operations and efficiently realize its value.
  2. Blockchain platforms: Using the blockchain platforms for developing dApps have benefited top companies like IBM and Oracle. Following are the blockchain platforms, helping you to choose the right one for your project:
    • Hyperledger: Hosted by Linux Foundation, Hyperledger is an open source project, offering toolsets, frameworks and projects for developers to build and experiment using blockchain technologies.
    • Ethereum: It uses a proof-of-work (PoW) algorithm, known as “Ethash,” which needs more memory to make it hard to mine. You can get the dApp built on Ethereum for streamlining your business operations.
    • Hedera: Hedera is the public hashgraph network, governed by a council of renowned enterprises and organizations, across multiple industries. The Hedera Hashgraph platform provides the distributed consensus in a new form, which is trusted, secure and does not need an intermediary.

Mobile app development

  1. React Native: It allows to build the application using Javascript. The native approach, React Native can speed up the process of development and create compelling mobile apps.Rather than offering a slow user experience that’s not useful for a platform, it provides all the advantages of a native application.
  2. Xamarin: Xamarin has been referred to be the best choice for full-stack developers who want to build cross-platform portability that integrates an app to all three mobile platforms, i.e., iOS, Android and Windows.Therefore, it minimizes the time, saves money and efforts of the developers when it comes to the development of mobile application.
  3. Cordova: Also known as PhoneGap, it allows developers to build a mobile app and then wrap it in the framework that can be installed as an application across several mobile device platforms without a lot of extra efforts.
  4. SWIFT/Obj.C: These both are programming languages that can be used to code the Apple software products under iOS, tvOS, CarPlay, macOS, watchOS and Linux (only for Swift) operating systems. Also, these languages have different APIs and frameworks.
  5. JAVA/Kotlin: A statically-typed programming language is offering full compatibility with JAVA, allows writing less code, can compile to javascript source code while having readable syntax.

Back-end and Framework Technologies

  1. Node.JS: Built on Chrome’s Javascript runtime that can create scalable network applications faster than ever. The open-source cross-browser environment, Node.JS has been built to seek the attention of worldwide developers.
  2. Express.js: It is an open-source framework for Node.Js can be used to simplify the development with a set of tools, packages, plugins and features. Express.js with Node.js can be used to develop APIs for single and multi-page, hybrid mobile and web apps.
  3. PHP: An open source platform that allows rapid creation of prototypes and websites. The programming language can be used to develop user-friendly websites for small or big enterprises in less time and budget.
  4. Python: Python is based on a high-level dynamic programming language that can offer a plethora of business benefits. Since it can easily interact with other languages, you can get the freedom for future upgrades. Python development is highly suitable for customizing larger apps as the language comes with various features such as scalability, special libraries, extensibility and easy readable syntax.
  5. Laravel: One of the top PHP frameworks, Laravel can offer enhanced security to the data as well as users. It can help limit unauthorized users from accessing any paid services or something crucial to the business.

Front-end Technologies

Front-end refers to the development of the web pages and user interfaces for websites or applications. It implements the design, structure, behavior and animation of everything that you experience visually on the screen while using the site, web applications and mobile apps.

  1. BootStrap: It is a front-end framework, that supports the creation of dynamic websites and applications. It is a highly preferred front-end framework that allows fast and easy ways of building a website. If you want to develop an application, it is crucial to consider Bootstrap as it helps save the coding efforts and offers a lot of commonly used Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) functionalities, by default.
  2. React JS: A javascript library that is perfect for building the amazing user interfaces. Its development is known for delivering high-performance client’s and server-side’s rendering.
  3. AngularJs: When it comes to developing the browser, web-based applications and mobile apps, Angular JS is perfect for the development of all types of apps. Angular JS, developed and maintained by Google developers has been known for its flexibility.
  4. HTML/CSS: These are the basic building blocks used to design and development of websites. It enables you to add content and styles to your project site. It is the building block of any digital content today on the internet.
  5. Javascript: JavaScript has been the most popular scripting language for a long time. It enables you to perform quick actions on the client side itself without the need for a response from the server side. This vastly improves the user experience and efficiency of the website or application.

Database Technologies

Database technologies grab details and store, organize and process it in an easy way that allows users to find the required data quickly.

  1. MySQL: It is free to use an open source database, offering easy database management by connecting it to the software. Since it is a robust, scalable and reliable solution, providing advanced benefits such as data security, on-demand scalability, high performance and complete workflow control, it is widely used in small or medium-sized applications.
  2. MongoDB: It is a free, open-source and distributed database at its core. Having sharding and scaling features, MongoDB can help enterprises to maintain and customize database development to a large extent.
  3. PostgreSQL: Being one of the most advanced open source databases, it offers endless development opportunities to enterprises. It can be widely used in large-scale applications or websites.
  4. DynamoDB: Amazon web service was introduced as one of the most prominent NoSQL cloud databases. DynamoDB has a flexible schema and is scalable, which allows users to quickly change how data is structured and can run various queries against it.

Cloud Services

  1. Amazon Web Services (AWS): It is known to be a secure cloud services platform offering deployment tools, database storage, content delivery, computing power and functionality solutions. These services can aid enterprise applications by increasing flexibility, reliability, lowering the IT costs and offering scalability.
  2. Microsoft Azure: It helps to increase the business agility as it offers a host of application building blocks and services, allowing users to customize the cloud as required.
  3. Google Cloud Platform (GCP): Google offers a suite of public cloud computing services known as GCP. A range of hosted services for computing, applications development and storage, which run on the Google hardware are included in the platform. The GCP services can be utilized by cloud admins, enterprise IT professionals and developers through a dedicated network connection.

Version Control System (VCS) and Debugging

Version control can help record changes to a file or set of files over time, enabling you to recall specific versions later. Following, are some of the version control systems:

  1. GIT: Most favored and widely used distributed version control system, GIT performs robustly and reliably as compared with other VCs. It also helps maintain the integrity of source code. GIT ensures to have an authentic history fo the source code. Full-stack developers or development company can use GIT for developing the projects as it offers excellent performance, security, flexibility and functionality.
  2. Xdebug: Released in 2002, Xdebug is a PHP extension, which provides profiling and debugging capabilities.
  3. Subversion: It is a centralized version control system which means the history of the version is stored in a central server.

Devops

It is the combination of tools, cultural philosophies and practices, which enhances the enterprise’s ability to deliver services and apps at high speed.

The great speed allows companies to offer better service to their clients and compete effectively in the market.

It is the practice of operations that allows the developers to participate together in the entire lifecycle of the service, from design to development and production support.

DevOps enables developers and operations teams to offer high speed, reliability, security, scalability and regular updates to their customers.

Author: nirvaagi

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